Essential dog medication

Medications for your dogs

If your pet has a medical condition, our veterinarian can recommend one or more drugs to
control, treat, or cure the problem. Essential dog medication Although some veterinary-specific drugs are available,
many of the medications used in veterinary medicine are the same as those used in humans.
Commonly used medication types.



These are drugs that kill microbes, such as bacteria and yeast, and are used to treat infections.
They don’t kill viruses, but they are sometimes prescribed to treat secondary bacterial
infections that can occur when an animal is ill from a viral infection.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
These common drugs reduce swelling, inflammation, pain and lameness. Examples include
carprofen, deracoxib, firocoxib, and meloxicam.

Steroids have many different uses. They can be potent anti-inflammatory and are frequently
used to reduce allergic and anaphylactic reactions. They are also used at high doses to
suppress the immune system.  Examples include prednisone, prednisolone and

These products are intended to prevent, repel or kill internal or external parasites such as
intestinal worms, intestinal protozoans, heartworms, fleas and ticks.

Behavior-modifying drugs and sedatives
These drugs are used to quiet anxious pets or help in reducing anxiety associated with various
behavioral issues in pets, prepare pets for anesthesia, and to reduce pet movement during
delicate procedures. Examples include diazepam, xylazine, acepromazine and midazolam.

Hormones and other medications used to treat specific conditions

Examples include insulin used for diabetes treatment, methimazole or levothyroxine for
abnormal thyroid hormone levels, and heart medications such as atenolol, digoxin, and

Side effects and adverse reactions
In general, medication choices involve weighing the advantages of the medication against the
potential risks and taking measures to reduce side effects as much as possible. These Essential dog medication
preventive measures vary with the medication but can include keeping the drug dose and
frequency as low as possible giving the drug for the shortest time needed

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